tom lywood poet

Tom Lywood
Album 2

Home a rolling word manon the edge of the forestContact

Forrest Gods - 26.12.2014

Bookmark and Share

Mini worked well today 


Above ,not me
a lady truffle hunter, who preen's herself by the SEA shore
she plants orchards and chases her husband down to the sea;where she loves her son's and rises back to the hill with husband and daughter. (they close door) it is the family
with daughter's split like sons they love and thrown all over that rainbow sky is madness beauty pleasure and a thousands shout's we cry for all of us in happiness

Its where the 5 little people enter my studio

England's forrest and how it differe's from Europe's  forest with it's extended landmass

Hi Kit
I understand in Romania, Crotia, Italy, France, in differrent regions the weather pattern is distinctly not like ours maybe colder and hotter but we have many of the same trees and fungi; has their been many studies to show thedifferences.
For example the Porcini of Italy and that of England. The earthworms of italy and those of England. Even us I suppose; being an island this must be important and create a certain texture of forrest and produce not the same anywhere else?
The forrest floor must be different?; or do you think amongst those vast European forrest’s that stretch like country's for ever there are a world of climates and some just like our’s?


Hi Tom,
The UK has fairly few indigenous species (an example is the Scottish grouse). However, our plant and animal communities are often quite different from the rest of Europe. One reason for this is the effect of the ice ages. The ice ages decimated the flora and fauna in Northern Europe, and the UK was particularly badly affected, since a lot of species were prevented from re-colonising the islands after the glaciers retreated because the melted ice-waters created the Channel.
The UK is also different because of the nature of the present climate. The climate here is ‘oceanic’ – i.e. it is strongly affected by being surrounded by sea (especially to the West), which makes it relatively mild in winter and cool and cloudy in summer. As a result we have, for example, bluebell woods, heather and gorse – rarities in much of continental Europe. The ‘continental’ climate in Europe results in colder winters and hotter summers.
So I am sure the vegetation is different in Romania. However, many species are likely to be the same. Variation within species creates races, and one race often does badly (or sometimes exceptionally well, becoming a pest) when moved to a different part of Europe. Sometimes species within the same genus replace each other in different ecological conditions (such as is the case with our two native species of oak).  Italy has a Mediterranean climate – hot and dry in summer and wet in winter, with a very characteristic vegetation.
Worms are likely to be different in different parts of Europe, as are the soils. We have several species of earthworm in the UK, but only one is dominant. One of the other species might be dominant in Romania!  Fungi are probably also highly sensitive to ecological conditions and different management practices. 
There are probably ecosystems quite like ours in places round the world where the climate is similar - such as New Zealand, Tasmania or parts of China.  (This is the reason why many of our garden plants come from China.) The Pacific Northwest in the US, where the Sitka Spruce comes from, has a climate quite like ours. But there is unlikely to be anywhere just like the UK, because such places often have a completely different biogeographical history. For example, in New Zealand the climate is similar, but there are far fewer mammals, and the niche occupied here by badgers is occupied by a flightless bird, the kiwi, instead.
A couple of books have recently come out which might interest you: The Vegetation of Britain and Ireland by Michael Proctor (Collins New Naturalist Series, 2013) (quite accessible and interesting, with lots of good photos), and a book called Britain’s Habitats by Sophie Lake and Durwyn Liley (Princeton University Press, 2014). But I can’t think of anything particularly interesting on biogeography offhand. There is a book by Cox and Moore (Biogeography: an Ecological and Evolutionary Approach, John Wiley & sons, 2010), but it’s a fairly dry academic text and I think that the best thing might be to go travelling with a Collins Field Guide instead!
I hope that all’s well with you. All the best to everyone and looking forward to seeing you at Christmas or in the New Year.


The five little people ; really do cut into that thick dark deep chocolates and fly;one minute you think four have gone home (quite miss them) then then after me tearing my hair out only to find they have been a bloody sleep

hestia now in bed beside their house and poems's rage aplenty; its taken me (feels like two years) to understand that treasure chest we hunted high up in those hills above brisigella

To think I nearly sold her or gave her away;still a mystery;why they like her so much